Evaluation of mechanical behavior, bioactivity, and cytotoxicity of chitosan/akermanite-TiO2 3D-printed scaffolds for bone tissue applications
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This report aimed to evaluate the mechanical behavior, bioactivity, and cytotoxicity of novel chitosan/akermanite-TiO2 (CS/AK/Ti) composite scaffolds fabricated using the 3D-printing method. The morphological and structural properties of these scaffolds were characterized by Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mechanical behavior was examined by measuring the compressive strength, while the bioactivity was estimated in the simulated body fluid (SBF), and also the cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was assessed by conducting cell culturing experiments in vitro. It was found that the mechanical properties were considerably affected by the amount of TiO2. The scaffolds had the possessed bone-like apatite forming ability, which indicated high bioactivity. Furthermore, L929 cells spread well on the surface, proliferated, and had good viability regarding the cell behaviors. The outcomes confirmed that the morphological, biological, and mechanical properties of developed 3D-composite scaffolds nearly mimicked the features of natural bone tissue. In summary, these findings showed that the 3D-printed scaffolds with an interconnected pore structure and improved mechanical properties were a potential candidate for bone tissue applications.
TiO2, Akermanite, 3D printing, Mechanical properties, Bone tissue applications
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