Effects of different milling conditions on the properties of lanthanum hexaboride nanoparticles and their sintered bodies
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Elsevier Sci Ltd
In this study, the preparation and consolidation of nanocrystalline LaB6 powders originating from powder blends of La2O3, B2O3 and Mg were reported. A consecutive route of mechanochemical synthesis (MCS) and purification was utilized for the achievement of nano-sized LaB6 powders. As-synthesized powders were leached out from intermediate reaction products or impurities. Then, a sequential step of cold pressing (uniaxial pressure at 800 MPa) and pressureless sintering (at 1700 degrees C for 5 h under Ar gas flow) were utilized for the consolidation of the purified LaB6 powders. The type of mill (vibratory and planetary high-energy ball mills) was employed as a MCS parameter to reveal its effect on the physical, microstructural and mechanical properties of the LaB6 powders, and their bulk structures. Compositional, physical and microstructural properties of the products after powder processing were determined via X-ray diffractometer (XRD), particle size analyzer (PSA), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), stereomicroscope (SM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) coupled with both SEM and TEM, and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The bulk properties of the LaB6 consolidated from nanocrystalline powders with a minimum 99.99% purity, and similar to 62 nm (for vibratory ball mill) or similar to 74 nm (for planetary ball mill) average particle size were compared according to various properties. LaB6 powders were synthesized in planetary mill at an approximately six times longer duration than that of in vibratory mill. According to the results, density, surface area and mean particle size values of the vibratory ball-milled samples (containing paramagnetic powders) are better than those of planetary ball-milled (containing diamagnetic powders) ones. However, mechanical properties such as hardness, surface roughness, wear rate, friction coefficient, and also electrical conductivity were improved in the planetary ball-milled LaB6 bulks.
Powders: solid state reaction, Sintering, Microstructure-final, Mechanical properties, Borides
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