Starch consolidation of SiC ceramics: processing and low-temperature sintering in an air atmosphere
Taylor & Francis Ltd
Highly porous SiC ceramics containing borax decahydrate were produced by a starch consolidation method in which corn starch was used as a shaping and pore-forming additive. Four different compositions were prepared with different SiC:borax decahydrate ratios and corn starch content. Mixtures with a solid ratio of 55 wt.% were cast in non-porous molds and heated at 80 degrees C for shaping. The starch consolidation technique enabled the shaping of SiC ceramics with different forms and sizes. Simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis of the SiC-borax decahydrate mixture showed that melting took place at below 600 degrees C, as a result of which sintering was carried out at the relatively low temperature, of 600 degrees C in the air using borax decahydrate as a sintering additive. Phase analysis showed that oxidation of SiC did not take place, since no cristobalite phase was detected. Density measurement and mercury porosimetry studies showed that highly porous (70-89% porosity) SiC ceramics with pore size values ranging from 14 to 18 mu m were produced. SEM microstructures of each composition revealed that a strong neck had been formed between the SiC particles in spite of the low sintering temperature.
Starch consolidation, Porous SiC, TG-DTA, Sintering under atmospheric conditions, Low-temperature sintering
Journal Of Asian Ceramic Societies
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