A density functional theory study of hydrogen adsorption on Be-, Mg-, and Ca-exchanged LTL zeolite clusters
AuthorFellah, Mehmet Ferdi
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Hydrogen molecule adsorption on frameworks consisting of alkaline earth metal atoms (Be, Mg, or Ca) in LTL zeolite was investigated via density functional theory. A 24T zeolite cluster model was used in this study. HOMO and LUMO energy, chemical potential, chemical hardness, electro-negativity, adsorption energy, and adsorption enthalpy values were calculated. The Mg-LTL and Ca-LTL clusters were found to have much lower chemical potentials and adsorption energies than those of the Be-LTL cluster. Additionally, the calculations indicated that the Mg-LTL and Ca-LTL clusters are softer (considering their lower chemical hardness values) and more chemically reactive than the Be-LTL cluster. The calculated hydrogen adsorption enthalpies were -14.7 and -9.4 kJ/mol for the Mg-LTL and Ca-LTL clusters, respectively, which are significantly larger than the enthalpy of liquefaction for the hydrogen molecule. These results imply that the Mg-LTL and Ca-LTL zeolite structures are promising cryoadsorbents for hydrogen storage.