Dynamic analysis of thick beams with functionally graded porous layers and viscoelastic support
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This study presents dynamic responses of a composite thick beam with a functionally graded porous layer under dynamic sine pulse load. The boundary conditions of the composite beam are considered as viscoelastic supports. Three layers are considered, and face sheet layers have porous functionally graded materials in which the distribution of material gradation through the graded layer is described by the power law function, and the porosity is depicted by three different distributions (i.e., symmetric distribution, X distribution, and LOZENGE distribution). The layered composite thick beam is modeled as a two-dimensional plane stress problem. The equation of motion is obtained by Lagrange's equations. In formation of the problem, the finite element method is used with a 12-node 2D plane element. In the solution process of the dynamic problem, a numerical time integration method of the Newmark method is used. In numerical analyses, influences of stiffness and damping coefficients of viscoelastic supports, material gradation index, porosity parameter, and porosity models on the dynamic response of thick functionally graded porous beam are investigated under the pulse load.