A Density Functional Theory study for adsorption and sensing of 5-Fluo-rouracil on Ni-doped boron nitride nanotube
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In this research, the use of Ni-doped (8,0) boron nitride nanotube (Ni-BNNT) as both a sensor and an adsorbent for 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) molecule was investigated by Density Functional Theory (DFT) method. The B3LYP method with 6-31G(d,p) basis set have been utilized. Six different adsorption configurations have been studied theoretically. After 5-FU adsorption on Ni-BNNT, the adsorption energy values were calculated as negative values in all configurations. Adsorption energy (Delta E) value and adsorption enthalpy (Delta H) value reached 0.75 eV and -0.78 eV values, respectively. Moreover, Gibbs free energy changes were computed to be negative values in all configurations and thus it was determined that the process could occur spontaneously. Charge transfer occurred between all configurations of Ni-BNNT and the 5-FU molecule. The HOMO-LUMO gap decreased in the NiN-BNNT (Ni-doped instead of N) structure, while it increased in the Ni-B-BNNT (Ni-doped instead of B) structure. The Ni-BNNT structure assistances from a recovery time as a sensor for 5-FU drug molecule. Moreover, the workfunction change occurred somewhat in all configurations, but it was calculated that there was more change (16.22%) in the NiN-O1-BNNT configuration. In addition, solvent (water) effect was also examined. Consequently, Ni-doped (8,0) BNNT structure can be used as both a sensor and an adsorbent for 5-FU molecule at room temperature.