Processing and characterization of graphene nano-platelet (GNP) reinforced aluminum matrix composites
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Aluminum matrix composites containing graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) as reinforcement additive were fabricated by a two-step process consisting of mechanical alloying and pressureless sintering. The effects of graphene nano-platelets amounts and mechanical alloying duration on the microstructural and mechanical properties of aluminum were investigated. The characterization studies were performed by X-ray diffractometry, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectrometry, particle size analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, Archimedes' density and microhardness test method. The microhardness of composites increased gradually by the addition of 0.5 and 1 wt.-% GNP, whereas an adverse effect was observed by the increment of the GNP amount to 2 wt.-%.